Be it for deciding the roof top solar plant capacity or for checking the excess electricity consumption of your home or office, we need to know the total electricity load we are consuming. Calculating the total electricity consumption of a building is not that hard.
The electrical load of a building is the total electrical load consumed by all the electrical appliances used in the building like the tube lights, fans, ACs, Refrigerators, computers etc.
So, to calculate the electrical load of the house, all we have to do is, list all the electrical appliances, used in our home of office, find the electricity consumed by that appliance and finally add them.
Note: This is an approximate method to calculate the electrical energy load of a building.
This method is suitable to calculate the electrical load or electrical energy requirement of a residential home, electrical load of an office building, electrical load of a factory, or any other building or space.
But first, what do we really need to calculate!
Before moving further with our calculation, lets understand what we are actually interested in. We know our electricity is measured in terms of Killo-watt hours. This is what we are billed for. Killo-watt-hour is the unit of electrical energy.
All the electrical appliances come with a label showing their electrical properties like, voltage, Current rating or the Amps value, frequency and other parameters. Voltage and current are the properties we will take into consideration here. Why? Because, to calculate the total electrical energy consumed by the appliances we need to calculate the watt or power consumed by that appliance.
Sometimes the appliances mention the wattage of that item. This makes our life easy. All we have to do is multiply the wattage with the total time(in hours) for which it is used.
Now, Power or Wattage = Current x Voltage
and, Electrical Energy = Power x Total time the appliance is running (in hours )
Lets move to the calculation part
To calculate the electrical energy consumption of your house, follow the steps below :-
- List all the appliances or items that run on electrical supply on a paper.
- Count the quantity of each item
- Check every appliances label for its electrical properties. If the label is damaged, the search for the item on the internet and you will get its electrical properties.
- Write the current and voltage of these items. For United states, the voltage for residential homes is 120V, whereas for most of the other countries its 240V.
- Finally write down the approximate no. of hour you use the appliance in a day
- For each item, multiply the Amps with Voltage and then with the no. of hrs. This will give you the energy consumed by the that appliance in watt-hour.
- Or, if you have the wattage of the appliance, just multiply it with the total time (in hours)
- Devide the watt-hour by 1000 to get the Killo-watt-hour.
- Multiply the Killo-watt-hour of an appliance by the total quantity of that type of appliance.
- Add the Killo-watt-hour values of all the electrical appliances.
- Now to the total value multiply a factor of 0.6
- The final value will give you the total electrical energy consumed by your house in a single day.
Note : you don’t have to worry about the voltage of the item. In US its 120 Volt and in India and most of the other countries its 240 Volt for domestic purpose.
Let us take an example.
Consider an average home with the following electrical appliances
|Sl No.||Electrical Appliances||Quantity||Wattage||Hours||Killo-watt-Hour/ KWH|
|1.||20 Watt Tube light||5||20||8||160|
|2.||10 Watt bulb||3||10||8||800|
|5.||TV 32″ LED||1||55||6||330|
|6.||PC/ Laptop 15.5″ LCD monitor||1||40*||2||80|
|8.||Refrigerator 230 Ltr||1||40||24||96|
|9.||1.5 Ton Air Conditioner||1||1200||2||2400|
Now as we know the electrical load of this building will be the total electricity consumed by the above appliances, so the first thing for is to know the electricity consumed by these individual appliances
So the total energy consumed by all the appliances in a day is = 5506 x 0.6 = 3303.6 Wh = 3.3 KWH
So in the above example the total energy consumed by the house is 3.3 KWH or 3.3 units.
** The above example is an approximate calculation.
By knowing the correct energy consumption of your house, you can take measures to lower your electric bill. Also if you are planning to install a rooftop solar system, calculating the energy consumed will help you deciding the capacity of the solar plant.